In F#, all interface implementations are always explicit meaning that the interface methods will only be accessible when treating the implementing type as that interface. This makes sense in F# because it removes all ambiguity around what the method applies to. Explicit implementations also force us into coding to the interface because other miscellaneous members of the implementing type aren’t exposed through the interface definition. For these reasons I’ve been hooked on explicit interface implementation and even use it almost exclusively with great success in my C# applications.
Imagine my surprise then when Visual Studio 2015 crashed when I tried to rename an explicitly implemented interface method! The first time it happened I figured it was probably just Visual Studio misbehaving but when I reopened the solution and tried again the same thing happened! Clearly there was something more to this.
Hoping that I’d perhaps stumbled upon something that was fixed and included in Update 1, I upgraded Visual Studio and tried again. The crash still occurred.
To narrow down the issue I created a brand new solution with a console application. Within the new project I defined a simple interface with a single method and explicitly implemented it in a class. At this point I attempted to rename the method and it worked as expected. I then tried renaming the interface method directly on the interface and that also worked as expected. Then I figured that it must have something to do with how the interface was being used so I created an instance of the class, converted it to the interface, and tried the rename again and it was successful. Finally, I added a line to invoke the interface method and tried the rename one more time. Oddly, it again worked as expected.
On a whim I decided to move the interface and implementation into a separate project. After adding the project reference and doing a test build I again tried to rename the method and sure enough, Visual Studio crashed. I’ve since played with a few different combinations and have been able to successfully recreate the crash as long as the interface is defined in a separate assembly and I tried renaming the method via the explicit implementation.
In summary, it appears that in order to recreate this crash the following conditions must be met:
- Interface must be explicitly implemented
- Interface must be defined in a separate assembly than where it’s used
- Rename must be attempted against the explicit implementation
- Interface method must be invoked – simply creating an instance won’t cause the crash.
I’ve submitted the issue to Microsoft on Connect but this seems like such an edge case I’d be surprised to see a fix anytime soon. In the mean time, if this is something you encounter you can safely rename the method on the interface itself or at the call site; neither of those seemed to be an issue.
If you’d like to mess around with this issue on your own, I’ve shared my sample project on GitHub.